Links of Interest
From Lake Erie Shores to Ohio River
Cleveland Society of Poles
Syrena Polish Dance Ensemble
Gorale Polish Folk Dancers
Polish Village in Parma, OH
Dyngus Day Cleveland
Polish Cultural Garden
Polish Genealogy Society of Cleveland
Polish Communities of Cleveland
Polish Broadway Area Tour
Warszawa District Cleveland
Warszawa District History
Warszawa Distric Walking Tour
Dept. of Slavic Stuff - Ohio State Univ.
Polish American Concert Band of Toledo
P.R.C.U.A. Toledo Club
Echoes of Poland Folk Song & Dance Ensemble
Toledo Polish Genealogy Society
Ohio Historical Marker - St. Hedwig Parish
SE Michigan Area
American Polish Cultural Center
Polonia Windsor (Ontario, Canada)
Orchard Lake Schools
Polish American Congress - Michigan
Everthing About Poland
This link is really good to understand everything from typography to the economy.
Polish Email Pen Pals
Make a new Polish friend
This page on polishtoledo.com is a listing of Polonian links to Polish organizations in Ohio and Southeastern Michigan. You'll find Polish and Polish-American clubs and organizations in Cleveland, Elyria, Columbus, Cincinnati, Toledo and Youngstown. If you are looking for links to Polish or Polish-American associations, groups, clubs, societies, institutes, and the like you'll probably find it here. If you are aware of any other entities related to Poland whether social, cultural, scientific, educational that are located in Ohio or Southeast Michigan, send an e-mail with all the pertainent information and we'll be glad to post a link to any quailifying website.
If you are unfamiliar with the term "Polonian" it refers to communities of people from Polish origin who live outside Poland. The Polish diaspora is also known in modern Polish language as Polonia, which is the name for Poland in Latin and in many other Romance languages.
There are roughly 30 million people of Polish ancestry living outside Poland, making the Polish diaspora one of the largest in the world, as well as one of the most widely dispersed. Reasons for this displacement vary from border shifts, forced expulsions and resettlement, to political and economic emigration. Major populations of Polish ancestry can be found in the United States, Canada, Brazil and elsewhere in the Americas, as well as Germany, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Russia, France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Ireland and many other European countries. They also reside in Australasia, particularly Australia and New Zealand. Polish communities can also be found in many Asian and African countries.
Polish Americans are Americans who are of total or partial Polish descent. There are an estimated 10 million Polish Americans, representing about 3% of the U.S. population. Polish Americans are the largest European ethnic group of Slavic origin in the United States, and the eighth largest immigrant group overall.
Polish immigration began in 1608, when the first Polish settlers arrived at Jamestown the Virginia Colony as skilled craftsmen. Since the beginning of the Polish immigration to the United States, until the mid-20th century, Poles were victims of an anti-Polish sentiment among the American society, partially based on ethnic prejudice against Poles, and partially caused by their non-Protestant, Roman Catholic religion. At the time ethnic Poles in America were viewed as a non-white racial group. Two early immigrants, Kazimierz Pulaski and Tadeusz Kosciuszko, led armies in the Revolutionary War and are remembered as national heroes. Overall, more than one million Poles have immigrated to the United States, primarily during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Exact immigration numbers are unknown. Many immigrants were classified as "Russian", "German", and "Austrian" by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service because the Polish state did not exist from 1795 to 1918, and its borders had been dismantled through World War I and World War II. Complicating the U.S. Census figures further are the high proportion of Polish Americans who marry outside their ethnicity; in 1940, about 50 percent married other American ethnics, and a study in 1988 found that 54 percent of Polish Americans three generations or higher had been of mixed ancestry. The Polish American Cultural Center places a figure of Americans who have some Polish ancestry at 19-20 million.
In 2000, 667,414 Americans over 5 years old reported Polish as the language spoken at home, which is about 1.4% of the census groups who speak a language other than English or 0.25% of the U.S. population.
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